Ice climatology of the Arctic and Antarctic
Dansk version
The Arctic Today
Climate and Weather
- Mean temperatures
  North of 80N

- Ice Extent in the
  Northern Hemisphere

- Minimum Ice Extent
  since 1979

- Monthly mean Sea Ice
  Extent since 1979

Satellite Products
- Sea ice drift and-
  sea ice concentration

- Sea Surface temp. and

- Ice temperatures
Climatological Sea Ice Atlas
Ice concentration
Monthly means
Monthly variations
Ice extent
Download ice edges
Break-up, freeze-up and open water days
Trend (significance)
Surface temperature,
sea ice

Surface temperature,
ice caps

Sea ice temperature and extent
Model Products
- Ice thickness and volume
- Ice and Ocean Forecasts
Seaice & Navigation
- Satellite Images
  around Greenland

These maps show monthly variation (standard deviation) sea ice concentration of the wmo standard climate period, 1991-2020.

Ice concentration is defined as the fraction of the sea surface which is covered by ice, where 100% corresponds to a complete ice cover and 0% corresponds to open waters. These maps are based on data from microwave satelites during the period from 1979 to 2022, which have been re-processed by the European project EUMETSAT OSI SAF into two data sets: a CDR from 1979 to 2020 and an ICDR from 2021 to 2022 (i.e. data set OSI-450-a and OSI-430-a). The sea ice typically reaches its maximum extent during March, extending approximately 14-16 million square kilometers, and its minimum extent by the end of september, which in the 1980's was approximately 7 million square kilometers compared to today's 3-5 million square kilometers.


Toggle period
wmo-standard / full
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

In order to document OSI-SAF's impact and enable ongoing support of OSI-SAF, you are obligated to acknowledge OSI-SAF in your work. Therefore, if you wish to use any material presented here please read this file.

This page is a result of the sea ice concentration climatology. To download a summary data set climatology click here.